Thursday, January 1, 2015

Bonus 6 - Codex Sinaiticus

Page of the Codex Sinaiticus with
text of Matthew 6:4-32 (4th century).
Public Domain

Codex Sinaiticus (abbreviation Hebrew Alpha)1. was discovered in 1844 by Constantine von Tischendorf (1815–1874) in the Greek Orthodox monastery of St. Catherine in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Being a Greek copy, it is one of the most important hand-written four-column uncial manuscripts, as originally it contained the complete Old and New Testaments, the epistle of Barnabas, and portions of The Shepherd of Hermas and dates to the 4th century. Sections of the Codex Sinaiticus can be found in libraries in Russia, Great Britain, and Egypt. 2.

  • 1. The complete manuscript can also be found at this website.
  • 2. Kurt Aland and Barbara Aland, The Text of the New Testament an Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism, trans. Erroll F. Rhodes, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1995), 11–13, 107.

This bonus material was quoted from:

David E. Graves, Key Themes of the Old Testament: A Survey of Major Theological Themes (Moncton, N.B.: Graves, 2013), 42-43.

For Further Study
  • Anderson, H. T. The New Testament Translated from the Sinaitic Manuscript Discovered by Constantine Tischendorf at Mt. Sinai. Cincinnati, Ohio: The Standard Publishing Company, 1910.
  • Codex Sinaiticus: Facsimile Prints. Greek Edition, Ancient Greek Edition. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2011.
  • Jongkind, Dirk. Scribal Habits of Codex Sinaiticus. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press 2007.
  • Kenyon, Frederic G. Our Bible and the Ancient Manuscripts (4th ed.). London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1939, 121–128.
  • Hernández, Juan. Scribal Habits and Theological Influences in the Apocalypse: The Singular Readings of Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, and Ephraemi. Leiden: Mohr Siebeck, 2006, 45-95. 
  • Metzger, Bruce M. Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Palaeography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991: 76–79.
  • Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration (4th ed.). New York – Oxford: Oxford University Press 2005, 62–67.
  • Magerson, P. “Codex Sinaiticus: An Historical Observation.” Biblical Archaeology 46 (1983): 54–56.
  • Milne, H. J. M.; Skeat, T. C. The Codex Sinaiticus and the Codex Alexandrinus. London: Trustee of the British Museum, 1963.
  • Milne, H. J. M.; Skeat, T. C. Scribes and Correctors of the Codex Sinaiticus. London: Trustee of the British Museum, 1938.
  • Parker, D. C. Codex Sinaiticus. The Story of the World’s Oldest Bible. London: The British Library, 2010.
  • Peter M. Head. “The Gospel of Mark in Codex Sinaiticus: Textual and Reception-Historical Considerations.” Journal of Biblical Textual Criticism 13 (2008): 1-38.
  • Schneider, Ulrich Johannes (ed.). Codex Sinaiticus. Geschichte und Erschließung der “Sinai-Bibel.” Leipzig: Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig, 2007.
  • Streeter, Burnett Hillman. The Four Gospels. A Study of Origins the Manuscripts Tradition, Sources, Authorship, & Dates. Oxford: MacMillan & Co. 1924.
  • Skeat, Theodore C. “A four years work on the Codex Sinaiticus: Significant discoveries in reconditioned MS.,” in: Theodore C. Skeat and J. K. Elliott, The collected biblical writings of T. C. Skeat, Leiden: Brill 2004, 109–118.
  • Skeat, Theodore C. “The Codex Sinaiticus, the Codex Vaticanus and Constantine.” Journal of Theological Studies 50 (1999): 583–625.
  • Tischendorf, Constantin von. Responsa ad Calumnias Romanas. Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus, 1870.
  • Tischendorf, Constantin von. Die Sinaibibel ihre Entdeckung, Herausgabe, und Erwerbung. Leipzig: Giesecke & Devrient, 1871.
  • Tischendorf, Constantin von. Wann wurden unsere Evangelien verfasst?. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichssche Buchhandlung, 1865.
  • Tischendorf, Constantin von. When Were Our Gospels Written?, An Argument by Constantine Tischendorf. With a Narrative of the Discovery of the Sinaitic Manuscript. New York: American Tract Society, 1866.

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