Saturday, December 20, 2014

Bonus 66 - Cyrus Cylinder

Cyrus Cylinder (ca. 539–530 BC)
The Cyrus Cylinder (ca. 539–530 BC) written in Akkadian cuneiform script discovered in Babylon by Hormuzd Rassam in 1879.

One of the classic OT prophecies is Isaiah 44:28–45:4 (740–698 BC) and was delivered about 200 years before King Cyrus was born (600 BC or 576 BC).1. Isaiah predicts that Cyrus would allow the Jews to return to their country (539 BC) and mentions him by name. The order given by Cyrus (Ezra 1:1–4) is also recorded on the famous Cyrus Cylinder. It is presently housed in the British Museum.2.

  • 1. Elias J. Bickerman, “The Edict of Cyrus in Ezra 1,” Journal of Biblical Literature 65, no. 3 (1946): 249–75; M. A. Dandamaev, A Political History of the Achaemenid Empire, trans. W. J. Vogelsang (Leiden: Brill Academic, 1997), 373; Pierre Briant, From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2006), 
  • 2. T. C. Mitchell, The Bible In The British Museum: Interpreting The Evidence (Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2004), 83; Peter Masters, Heritage of Evidence: In the British Museum (London: Wakeman Trust, 2004), 93–94.
This bonus material was quoted from:

David E. Graves, Key Themes of the Old Testament: A Survey of Major Theological Themes (Moncton, N.B.: Graves, 2013), 91.

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